Movie Green Screen History

Led by supervisor Andrew Jackson, hundreds of CGI artists enhanced over 2000 shots in Fury Road, from adding characters to creating an epic toxic storm. The Avengers When Earth’s Mightiest Heroes teamed up on the big screen in 2012, the stakes were high for Marvel Studios and their team of visual effects artists. Jeff White, the film’s VFX supervisor, told MTV: “With Avengers, there were so many things to get right. We created a lot of New York City for the film and needed to build flying shots of Iron Man all from photography. We had to build a new Iron Man suit—the Mark VII—and Stark Tower. We had to build the alien race. When you add all of those things up, there are quite a few challenges there.”

Green screens were used during most of the film’s action sequences, so the cast spent a good chunk of time reacting to invisible threats and taking cover from fake explosions. The biggest hurdle they faced was inserting the Hulk into group situations. White explained: “We wanted it to feel very natural when he’s sitting in that circle of Avengers. We spent a lot of time working on his skin and his hair and his teeth, just to make sure that all of that was believable.” Man of Steel To create the illusion of flight, Richard Donner’s Superman employed wire rigs to hang leading man Christopher Reeve in front of different projected backgrounds. The film is a classic, and the effects looked great in the ’70s, but watching it today it feels as though you’re flying with Superman as opposed to him flying past you—something Man of Steel director Zack Snyder wanted to avoid when he set out to make Superman soar. Snyder decided to use a handheld approach to filming Clark’s flying scenes, which meant adding in most of the effects in post. Wire rigs and gimbals were used to suspend Henry Cavill in front of green screens, and the CGI team did the rest. Iron Man 3 When the first Iron Man movie dropped in 2008, director Jon Favreau wasn’t known for CGI-heavy features, but advances in technology had convinced him to change his stance. “I’ve always steered away from using visual effects whenever possible…

That being said, in the last few years there have been a lot of wonderful visual effects movies where it’s beginning to become seamless even to me.” Favreau returned for the sequel, but Shane Black took the reins for Iron Man 3, which contained some of the most challenging visual effects yet. Marvel Studios head honcho Kevin Feige explained: “We wanted the ability to be able to suit up anywhere, anyhow, without a giant gantry.” The answer was having Tony Stark design outlets he injects just below the skin, not unlike the comics, allowing him to call the Iron Man suit from anywhere. To pull off the effect, each individual piece had to be digitally added to Robert Downey Jr.’s body after the fact. Spider-Man: Homecoming Years of gymnastics training really paid off for Tom Holland on the set of Spider-Man: Homecoming, the character’s eagerly anticipated introduction to the Marvel Cinematic Universe. Even with the advances in CGI in recent years, it helps to have an actor who feels comfortable jumping around in tights and doesn’t mind hanging around on wires all day long.